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Breast Cancer Treatment

 

Breast Cancer Options

If you are diagnosed with breast cancer, your doctor will most likely suggest one of the following treatments. These are Adjuvant therapy, Systemic therapy, Lumpectomy, or Radiation therapy. If cancer has not spread, these treatments may not be necessary. If you’re unsure which is the best choice for your condition, discuss it with your doctor. This article will help you decide on the treatment option that’s best for you.

Adjuvant therapy

Post-operative care, also known as adjuvant therapy, is used after surgery to reduce the risk of recurrence and remove any cancer cells that may have survived the initial surgery. These cells are believed to be responsible for recurrence, and if left untreated they may continue to grow. Various treatments may be used to treat these cancer cells, including hormone therapy, targeted therapy, and chemotherapy.

After the primary treatment for breast cancer, women often undergo chemotherapy or hormonal therapy to reduce their risk of developing relapse and metastasis. Adjuvant therapy may also include hormonal therapy, which involves taking medications to alter or prevent the production of certain hormones. This type of therapy can last years. Another type of adjuvant therapy is antibody therapy, which targets cancer cells by attaching to growth proteins. Adjuvant therapy is usually followed by radiation therapy to destroy cancer cells in the breast.

breast cancerAfter surgery, women may receive adjuvant treatment with a variety of medications. Tamoxifen, for example, is used as a preventive treatment to reduce the risk of relapse. However, it is important to note that chemotherapy cannot eliminate cancer. If a recurrence occurs in a different part of the breast, the surgery may not be enough. If the tumor is still growing, radiation therapy may be the best option.

Breast Cancer Systemic therapy

A treatment plan for breast cancer may include a variety of drugs that are administered to target and kill cancer cells. These medications are administered through the bloodstream, where they reach the cancer cells throughout the body. This treatment method is called systemic therapy. In contrast, local therapy involves applying the medications directly to cancer, but this is rarely done. The goal of local therapy is to shrink the cancer, rather than eliminate it. 병원마케팅

Surgical techniques, which often involve the removal of the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue around it, are also common. A lumpectomy usually leaves a portion of the breast, while radiation therapy is typically used for larger, hormone receptor-negative tumors. This treatment is sometimes called breast-conserving surgery, partial mastectomy, quadrantectomy, or segmental mastectomy. It’s important to note that systemic therapy can be used in conjunction with a lumpectomy.

Besides treating cancer, systemic therapies also provide patients with an improved quality of life. They can help reduce nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy, improve fertility, and improve sexuality. Depending on the type of treatment, a patient may be referred to a team of physicians specializing in these therapies. These doctors can help patients navigate the complex world of breast cancer treatments and choose the best approach to fight their condition.

Lumpectomy

A lumpectomy is a common treatment option for breast cancer in men. As it is a form of breast conservation surgery, it does not necessarily mean that cancer has spread to surrounding tissue. Sometimes a surgeon will also perform a sentinel lymph node biopsy during the procedure to determine whether cancer has spread to other areas of the breast. In addition, a lumpectomy can be combined with breast reconstruction. Depending on the type of cancer, a lumpectomy is a viable surgical option for many types of breast cancer.

A comprehensive physical exam and history are necessary for the proper diagnosis. Physicians should look for signs of breast pain, tenderness, difficulty breathing, and unusual lumps. Symptomatic patients should be evaluated carefully, as inflammatory breast cancer can mimic other T4 tumors. Patients should also be asked about their general health and any suspicious areas such as possible metastases. After the diagnosis is confirmed, a doctor may decide to perform a mastectomy.

The current study involved 24 patients who underwent a lumpectomy and immediate bilateral reduction mammaplasty. The patients’ preoperative cup size ranged from C to G. The mean body mass index was 32.2 kg/m2/year, and no patients were carriers of the BRCA gene mutation. Patients were followed for a median of 23 months after surgery. During the study, no grade three or four complications were observed. Some patients reported having acute dermatitis, cutaneous hyperpigmentation, or chronic fibrosis. Overall, cosmesis was considered good or excellent by 14/15 patients and their physicians.

Radiation therapy

While radiation therapy for breast cancer treatment has many benefits, it can also cause some side effects. It can decrease the risk of cancer recurrence and spread. There are different ways to deliver radiation therapy, and each type has unique side effects. Most side effects will disappear after the treatments are complete, but some may linger for several months. You should discuss any side effects with your healthcare provider, as they may alter the treatment plan to minimize their impact.

Breast cancer treatment may require two types of radiation therapy. External beam radiation uses a machine to deliver the radiation directly to the tumor, while internal radiation therapy, also known as brachytherapy, involves the placement of radioactive seeds in the breast tissue. External beam radiation is delivered through a machine called a linear accelerator, which targets a beam of radiation at the cancer site. Brachytherapy uses radioactive seeds, which are inserted into the affected breast tissue using an applicator. The seeds give off radiation for a few minutes before the patient removes them. Internal radiation therapy, or IRT, uses tiny tubes or seeds to deliver high-dose radiation directly to the tumor.

External-beam radiation therapy is the most common type of radiation therapy for breast cancer treatment. This treatment is typically given Monday through Friday and can last anywhere from three to six weeks. The duration of radiation therapy varies, and it may be shorter for some patients than others. Treatment typically begins with radiation therapy to the whole breast and may continue with targeted treatment to the tumor. There are also side effects associated with IMRT, but they are much lower than with traditional external beam radiotherapy.

Hormonal therapy

While not every woman needs hormone therapy for breast cancer, it is highly effective in slowing the growth of some types. It works by interfering with the action of estrogen in the breast cancer cells and is a viable treatment option for high-risk women. This type of therapy is also effective in postmenopausal women because it lowers estrogen levels. Despite its success, there are some risks involved in this treatment option. 마케팅회사

The hormones estrogen and progesterone are made by the body’s glands and are important for maintaining normal body cycles. The hormones can also cause cancer to grow. To determine if hormone therapy is the right treatment for your condition, your pathologist will examine the tissue of your tumor for the presence of estrogen receptors. If the cancer is estrogen-fueled, hormone therapy drugs such as Tamoxifen can block the receptors, preventing the cancer cells from growing.

One type of hormone therapy is ovarian ablation, which blocks ovarian function. It is sometimes combined with targeted therapy drugs that attack the specific weaknesses of cancer cells. Depending on your condition, your doctor may suggest a combination of hormone therapy and targeted therapy to improve the effectiveness of hormones. Hormonal therapy for breast cancer treatment is often a long-term treatment option. It requires regular follow-up visits and may have side effects.

Surgery

Surgery for breast cancer treatment involves removing cancerous tissue from the breast. There are various types of surgery available, including a wide local excision, a quadrantectomy, and a re-excision lumpectomy. A quadrantectomy involves removing a quarter of the breast, while a re-excision lumpectomy involves removing the cancerous tissue and removing the remaining margin. There are also some complications associated with surgery for breast cancer.

Following breast cancer surgery, the surgical area will be bandaged and kept clean. An adhesive strip will be placed to adhere to the skin and should be removed after a few days. There will also be drains in the chest area that will remove any fluid or blood. These drains will stay in the chest for about two weeks or until only a small amount is drained. Surgery for breast cancer treatment should be scheduled after the diagnosis is made.

During this study, the authors examined the effects of surgical treatment on the risk of mortality among patients with breast cancer. They conducted a computerized literature search for studies published between 2004 and 2009. The databases were accessed through PubMed(c) and OvidMedline (c). The data were further reviewed by professional organizations to evaluate their policy statements, quality measures, benchmarks, and target goals for breast cancer. In addition, recent consensus conferences on breast cancer treatment were reviewed.